Huwebes, Marso 17, 2011

locomotor movements

Aerobics is a form of physical exercise that combines rhythmic aerobic exercise with stretching and strength training routines with the goal of improving all elements of fitness (flexibility, muscularcardio-vascular fitness). It is usually performed to music and may be practiced in a group setting led by an instructor (fitness professional), although it can be done solo and without musical accompaniment. With the goal of preventing illness and promoting physical fitness, practitioners perform various routines comprising a number of different dance-like exercises. Formal aerobics classes are divided into different levels of intensity and complexity. Aerobics classes may allow participants to select their level of participation according to their fitness level. Many gyms offer a variety of aerobic classes. Each class is designed for a certain level of experience and taught by a certified instructor with a specialty area related to their particular class. strength, and
Both the term and the specific exercise method were developed by Dr. Kenneth Cooper, M.D., an exercise physiologist, and Col. Pauline Potts, a physical therapist, both of the United States Air Force. Dr. Cooper, an avowed exercise enthusiast, was personally and professionally puzzled about why some people with excellent muscular strength were still prone to poor performance at tasks such as long-distance running, swimming, and bicycling. He began measuring systematic human performance using a bicycle ergometer, and began measuring sustained performance in terms of a person's ability to use oxygen. His groundbreaking book, Aerobics, was published in 1968, and included scientific exercise programs using running, walking, swimming and bicycling. The book came at a fortuitous historical moment, when increasing weakness and inactivity in the general population was causing a perceived need for increased exercise.

Aerobic gymnastics

Aerobic gymnastics, also known as sport aerobics and competitive aerobics, is a type of competitivechoreography, rhythmic and acrobatic gymnastics with elements of aerobics.[1] Performance is divided into categories by age, sex and groups (individual, mixed pairs and trios) and are judged on the following elements: dynamic and static strength, jumps and leaps, kicks, balance and flexibility. Ten exercises are mandatory: four consecutive high leg kicks, patterns. A maximum of ten elements from following families are allowed: push-ups, supports and balances, kicks and splits, jumps and leaps. Elements of tumbling such as handsprings, handstands, back flips, and aerial somersaults are prohibited. Scoring is by judging of artistic quality, creativity, execution, and difficulty of routines. Sport aerobics has state, national, and international competitions, but is not an Olympic sport. aerobics involving complicated


Locomotor movements are the foundations of human movement.Walking, running, hopping, skipping,jumping, galloping, leaping and sliding are the eight locomotor movements.
Non-locomotor movements consist of mainly using the upper body to move. Feet stay firmly on the ground and you are not using any of the foundations of human movement.Swinging, twisting, turning, stretching, swaying and bending are the six non-locomotor movements

Non-locomotor movements are:
  1. • Twisting - the rotation of a selected body part around its long axis
  2. • Bending - moving a joint
  3. • Swaying - fluidly and gradually shifting the center of gravity from one body part to another
  4. • Stretching - moving body parts away from the center of gravity
  5. • Turning - rotating the body along the long axis
  6. • Swinging - rhythmical, smooth motion of a body part resembling a pendulum 
  7. Filipino Traditional Games

    From WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia

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    In Philippine society, playing games is an important part of growing up. Some games are challenging. Some are daring. Some are physical, some are intellectually stimulating. However we play games though -- as a group or a team, games teach us sportsmanship. If you think about it, we enjoyed and played those games for many years when we were young without any referees or umpires. As kids, we made the rules and we abide by the rules. We call that "honor system" or "Sa Diyosan."
    When one loses in some games, the winners make you suffer some type of consequences such as losing a turn, being punished or being made to do certain tasks (e.g., errands). Some games make you win prizes. But win or lose, we get enjoyment when we play these games. When we lose and that is almost always a certainty, that is only an opportunity to try again next time.
    These games are mostly played before, during and after school as well as during PE (Physical Education class). Some of them are played during Fiestas or and when there's a Lamay (wake) for the dead.
    Major studies of games pointed out that traditional games are shared communally within Philippine context. The same situation exists in neighboring countries, specially Indonesia.
    It is also commonly known that games play an important part in the learning process of the child. This educational influence of games on the physical, mental, and moral vitality of a child is a factor why games in the country are still being practiced and observed by the general public.
    In this connection, the family plays a very important role in the transmission of traditional games on to their children. The family, specifically the parents, reinforce the child's learning process. Psychologically, it helps the child in building up himself to use all possibilities that will make him grow normal. Lopez also observed that the normal child's natural interests lead him to different types of games at different periods of his development.
    The family is a social agent that builds the development of each member of the household. As traditionally practiced in the Philippines and the neighboring countries, children learn from their parents. It is the obligation of the parents to help their children learn social customs, standards and values of his culture. This system is also shared by other members of the family, relatives, and, by and large, the members of the community, speeding up the learning process of any child. Also, with this frame of attitude, preservation of tradition is enhanced, and the children benefit from it. It is in this process that whatever they learned is right away integrated into their consciousness.
    Malay (1956) pointed out that 'Filipinos like to play game,' and this is observed true. Traditional and high-tech games are simultaneously played around the country. As part of Filipino pastime, specially in the rural areas and during moonlit nights, the neighborhood gathers and shares games in the plazas, open areas, and main roads, trying different sets of games and interacting with each other as part of their recreation, socialization, and relaxation after a hard day's work.

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